Video encyclopedia



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English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and eventually became a global lingua franca. It is named after the Angles, one of the Germanic tribes that migrated to the area of Great Britain that later took their name, as England. Both names derive from Anglia, a peninsula in the Baltic Sea. The language is closely related to Frisian and Low Saxon, and its vocabulary has been significantly influenced by other Germanic languages, particularly Norse, and to a greater extent by Latin and French.
  • Fun facts 

  • Classification 

  • Proto-Germanic to Old English 

  • Middle English 

  • Early Modern English 

  • Spread of Modern English 

  • Geographical distribution 

  • Three circles of English-speaking countries 

  • Pluricentric English 

  • English as a global language 

  • Phonology 

  • Consonants 

  • Vowels 

  • Stress, rhythm and intonation 

  • Regional variation 

  • Grammar 

  • Nouns and noun phrases 

  • Adjectives 

  • Determiners 

  • Pronouns, case, and person 

  • Verbs and verb phrases 

  • Tense, aspect and mood 

  • Syntax 

  • Basic constituent order 

  • Clause syntax 

  • Auxiliary verb constructions 

  • Questions 

  • Discourse level syntax 

  • Vocabulary 

  • Word formation processes 

  • Word origins 

  • English loanwords and calques in other languages 

  • Writing system 

  • Dialects, accents and varieties 

  • Britain and Ireland 

  • North America 

  • Australia and New Zealand 

  • Southeast Asia 

  • Africa, the Caribbean, and South Asia 

  • Sample text 

  • Bibliography