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Environmental effects of aviation

3:05

How Aviation Affects the Environment and What We’re Doing About It

2:22

Environmental impact of aviation

2:24

Environmental Impact of Aviation

2:20

Environmental impact of aviation, Airplanes in infrared.

1:49

Aviation industry "working hard" to reduce its environmental impact

Like other emissions resulting from fossil fuel combustion, aircraft engines produce gases, noise, and particulates, raising environmental concerns over their global effects and their effects on local air quality. Jet airliners contribute to climate change by emitting carbon dioxide, the best understood greenhouse gas, and, with less scientific understanding, nitrogen oxides, contrails and particulates. Their radiative forcing is estimated at 1.3–1.4 that of CO2 alone, excluding induced cirrus cloud with a very low level of scientific understanding. In 2018, global commercial operations generated 2.4% of all CO2 emissions.
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    • Factors 

    • Volume 

    • Per passenger 

    • Evolution 

    • Noise 

    • Water pollution 

    • Air pollution 

    • Mitigation 

    • Reducing air travel 

    • Taxation and subsidies 

    • Hydrogen and e-fuel 

    • Non-{{CO2}} emissions 

    • National carbon budgets 

    • Carbon offsetting 

    • Airline offsets 

    • Electric aircraft