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13/08/1961 Construction of the Berlin Wall begins

The Berlin Wall was a guarded concrete barrier that physically and ideologically divided Berlin from 1961 to 1989. Constructed by the German Democratic Republic, the Wall cut off West Berlin from virtually all of surrounding East Germany and East Berlin until government officials opened it in November 1989.


  • Essentials 

  • Background 

  • Erection of the inner German border 

  • Construction begins, 1961 

  • Structure and adjacent areas 

  • Official crossings and usage 

  • Concerts by Western artists and growing anti-Wall sentiment 

  • ''"Ich bin ein Berliner"'' and "Mr. Gorbachev, tear down this Wall." 

  • Fall of the Berlin Wall 

  • Legacy 

  • Related media