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Habib Bourguiba


Habib Ben Ali Bourguiba was a Tunisian lawyer, nationalist leader and statesman who served as the country's leader from independence in 1956 to 1987. He first served as the second Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Tunisia before proclaiming the Tunisian Republic in 1957 and thus becoming the first President of Tunisia. Prior to that, he played a major role in obtaining independence from France, ending the 75 years old protectorate and earning the title of "Supreme Combatant".


  • 1903–30: Early life 

  • 1930–34: Early political career 

  • 1934–39: Rising nationalist leader 

  • 1939–45: World War II 

  • 1945–49: Journey in Middle East 

  • 1949–56: Fighting for independence 

  • 1956–57: Prime minister of the Kingdom of Tunisia 

  • 1957–87: Presidency 

  • 1987–2000: Later life 

  • Legacy 

  • Personal life 

  • Honours and Decorations 

  • Awards and recognition