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Human genome


The Human Genome Project | Genetics | Biology | FuseSchool


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The Human Genome

The human genome is the complete set of nucleic acid sequences for humans, encoded as DNA within the 23 chromosome pairs in cell nuclei and in a small DNA molecule found within individual mitochondria. Human genomes include both protein-coding DNA genes and noncoding DNA. Haploid human genomes, which are contained in germ cells consist of three billion DNA base pairs, while diploid genomes have twice the DNA content. While there are significant differences among the genomes of human individuals, these are considerably smaller than the differences between humans and their closest living relatives, the chimpanzees and bonobos.
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    • Molecular organization and gene content 

    • Coding vs. noncoding DNA 

    • Coding sequences (protein-coding genes) 

    • Noncoding DNA (ncDNA) 

    • Genomic variation in humans 

    • Human genetic disorders 

    • Evolution 

    • Mitochondrial DNA 

    • Epigenome