Treating a Patient with Fluid Overload (Hypervolemia) | TMC Practice Question
Signs and Symptoms of Hypervolemia Fluid Volume Excess for Nursing School Exams and NCLEX Prep
Risk Factors and Causes of Hypervolemia Fluid Volume Excess for Nursing School Exams and NCLEX Prep
Hypervolemia, or fluid overload, is the medical condition where there is too much fluid in the blood. The opposite condition is hypovolemia, which is too little fluid volume in the blood. Fluid volume excess in the intravascular compartment occurs due to an increase in total body sodium content and a consequent increase in extracellular body water. The mechanism usually stems from compromised regulatory mechanisms for sodium handling as seen in congestive heart failure (CHF), kidney failure, and liver failure. It may also be caused by excessive intake of sodium from foods, intravenous (IV) solutions and blood transfusions, medications, or diagnostic contrast dyes. Treatment typically includes administration of diuretics and limit the intake of water, fluids, sodium, and salt.