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Ionosphere of Earth

3:00

Welcome to the Ionosphere

3:39

Uncovering the Secrets of Earth's Ionosphere

2:26

Exploring the Ionosphere: The View from GOLD

0:51

The Earth's ionosphere Layers

0:59

The Ionosphere and its Importance!

The ionosphere is the ionized part of Earth's upper atmosphere, from about 60 km (37 mi) to 1,000 km (620 mi) altitude, a region that includes the thermosphere and parts of the mesosphere and exosphere. The ionosphere is ionized by solar radiation. It plays an important role in atmospheric electricity and forms the inner edge of the magnetosphere. It has practical importance because, among other functions, it influences radio propagation to distant places on the Earth.
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    • History of discovery 

    • Geophysics 

    • Layers of ionization 

    • Ionospheric model 

    • Persistent anomalies to the idealized model 

    • Ephemeral ionospheric perturbations 

    • Applications 

    • Measurements 

    • Indices of the ionosphere 

    • GPS/GNSS ionospheric correction 

    • Ionospheres of other planets and natural satellites