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Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant


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Profile: Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant (ISIL)

The Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant, also known as the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria, officially as the Islamic State (IS) and by its Arabic language acronym Daesh, is a Salafi jihadist militant group and former unrecognised proto-state that follows a fundamentalist, Salafi doctrine of Sunni Islam. ISIL gained global prominence in early 2014 when it drove Iraqi government forces out of key cities in its Western Iraq offensive, followed by its capture of Mosul and the Sinjar massacre.
  • Name 

  • Purpose and strategy 

  • Organisation 

  • History 

  • Territorial control and claims 

  • International reaction 

  • Supporters 

  • Countries and groups at war with ISIL 

  • Human rights abuse and war crime findings