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Judaism

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What Is Judaism?

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Judaism in brief

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Judaism is the religion of the Jewish people. It is an ancient, monotheistic, Abrahamic religion with the Torah as its foundational text. It encompasses the religion, philosophy, and culture of the Jewish people. Judaism is considered by religious Jews to be the expression of the covenant that God established with the Children of Israel. Judaism encompasses a wide corpus of texts, practices, theological positions, and forms of organization. The Torah is part of the larger text known as the Tanakh or the Hebrew Bible, and supplemental oral tradition represented by later texts such as the Midrash and the Talmud. With between 14.5 and 17.4 million adherents worldwide, Judaism is the tenth largest religion in the world.
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  • Facts 

  • Defining characteristics and principles of faith 

  • Core tenets 

  • Jewish religious texts 

  • Jewish legal literature 

  • Jewish philosophy 

  • Rabbinic hermeneutics 

  • Origin of the term "Judaism" 

  • Distinction between Jews as a people and Judaism 

  • Who is a Jew? 

  • Rabbinic Judaism 

  • Sephardi and Mizrahi Judaism 

  • Jewish movements in Israel 

  • Karaites and Samaritans 

  • Haymanot (Ethiopian Judaism) 

  • Noahide (''B'nei Noah'' movement) 

  • Prayers 

  • Religious clothing 

  • Jewish holidays 

  • Shabbat 

  • Three pilgrimage festivals 

  • High Holy Days 

  • Purim 

  • Hanukkah 

  • Fast days 

  • Torah readings 

  • Synagogues and religious buildings 

  • Dietary laws: ''kashrut'' 

  • Laws of ritual purity 

  • Family purity 

  • Life-cycle events 

  • Classical priesthood 

  • Prayer leaders 

  • Specialized religious roles 

  • Origins 

  • Antiquity 

  • Historical Jewish groupings (to 1700) 

  • Persecutions 

  • Hasidism 

  • The Enlightenment and new religious movements 

  • Spectrum of observance 

  • Christianity and Judaism 

  • Islam and Judaism 

  • Syncretic movements incorporating Judaism 

  • Bibliography