Video encyclopedia



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A kibbutz is a collective community in Israel that was traditionally based on agriculture. The first kibbutz, established in 1909, was Degania. Today, farming has been partly supplanted by other economic branches, including industrial plants and high-tech enterprises. Kibbutzim began as utopian communities, a combination of socialism and Zionism. In recent decades, some kibbutzim have been privatized and changes have been made in the communal lifestyle. A member of a kibbutz is called a kibbutznik.
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  • History 

  • After the establishment of the state 

  • Ideology of the kibbutz movement 

  • Communal life 

  • Psychological aspects 

  • Economics 

  • Types of kibbutzim 

  • Legal reforms after privatisation 

  • Legacy