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Maria Theresa


Maria Theresa Walburga Amalia Christina was the only female ruler of the Habsburg dominions and the last of the House of Habsburg. She was the sovereign of Austria, Hungary, Croatia, Bohemia, Transylvania, Mantua, Milan, Lodomeria and Galicia, the Austrian Netherlands and Parma. By marriage, she was Duchess of Lorraine, Grand Duchess of Tuscany and Holy Roman Empress.


  • Birth and early life 

  • Marriage 

  • Ascension 

  • War of the Austrian Succession 

  • Seven Years' War 

  • Family life 

  • Religious views and policies 

  • Reforms 

  • Late reign 

  • Death and legacy