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Marie Antoinette


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Marie Antoinette was the last Queen of France before the French Revolution. She was born an Archduchess of Austria and was the penultimate child and youngest daughter of Empress Maria Theresa and Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor. She became Dauphine of France in May 1770 at age 14 upon her marriage to Louis-Auguste, heir apparent to the French throne. On 10 May 1774, her husband ascended the throne as Louis XVI and she assumed the title Queen of France and Navarre, which she held until September 1791, when she became Queen of the French as the French Revolution proceeded, a title that she held until 21 September 1792.
  • Personal 

  • Dauphine of France (1770–74) 

  • Queen of France and Navarre (1774–91) 

  • French Revolution before Varennes (1789–91) 

  • Flight, arrest at Varennes and return to Paris (21–25 June 1791) 

  • Radicalization of the Revolution after Varennes (1791–92) 

  • Events leading to the abolition of the monarchy on 10 August 1792 

  • Marie Antoinette in the Temple 

  • Trial and execution (14–16 October 1793) 

  • Legacy 

  • In popular culture 

  • Children