Mycenae archaeological site, Peloponnese | Greece best of: Travel Guide
Mask of Agamemnon: Schliemann's Discovery
Mask of Agamemnon, Mycenae, c. 1550-1500 B.C.E.
Chapter 5: Charles Parsons and archaeologist Heinrich Schliemann
Heinrich Schliemann was a German businessman and a pioneer in the field of archaeology. He was an advocate of the historicity of places mentioned in the works of Homer and an archaeological excavator of Hissarlik, now presumed to be the site of Troy, along with the Mycenaean sites Mycenae and Tiryns. His work lent weight to the idea that Homer's Iliad reflects historical events. Schliemann's excavation of nine levels of archaeological remains with dynamite has been criticized as destructive of significant historical artifacts, including the level that is believed to be the historical Troy.