Video encyclopedia



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Milk is a white liquid nutrient-rich food produced by the mammary glands of mammals. It is the primary source of nutrition for infant mammals before they are able to digest other types of food. Early-lactation milk contains colostrum, which carries the mother's antibodies to its young and can reduce the risk of many diseases. It contains many other nutrients including protein and lactose. Interspecies consumption of milk is not uncommon, particularly among humans, many of whom consume the milk of other mammals.
  • Etymology and terminology 

  • Nutrition for infant mammals 

  • Food product for humans 

  • History 

  • Industrialization 

  • Other animal-based sources 

  • Production worldwide 

  • Price 

  • Composition 

  • pH 

  • Lipids 

  • Caseins 

  • Calcium phosphate structure 

  • Sugars and carbohydrates 

  • Miscellaneous contents 

  • Appearance 

  • Processing 

  • Pasteurization 

  • Filtration 

  • Creaming and homogenization 

  • UHT 

  • Nutrition and health 

  • Cow's milk 

  • Nutritional value 

  • Evolution of lactation 

  • Bovine growth hormone supplementation 

  • Varieties and brands 

  • Reduction or elimination of lactose 

  • Additives and flavoring 

  • Distribution 

  • Australia and New Zealand 

  • India 

  • Pakistan 

  • United Kingdom 

  • Packaging 

  • Lactose intolerance 

  • Allergies 

  • Spoilage and fermented milk products 

  • Powdered milk 

  • Overproduction 

  • Use in other food products 

  • In language and culture 

  • Non-culinary uses