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Milk is a white liquid nutrient-rich food produced by the mammary glands of mammals. It is the primary source of nutrition for infant mammals before they are able to digest other types of food. Early-lactation milk contains colostrum, which carries the mother's antibodies to its young and can reduce the risk of many diseases. It contains many other nutrients including protein and lactose. Interspecies consumption of milk is not uncommon, particularly among humans, many of whom consume the milk of other mammals.


  • Types of consumption 

  • Terminology 

  • Evolution of lactation 

  • History 

  • Sources 

  • Production worldwide 

  • Physical and chemical properties 

  • Processing 

  • Nutrition and health 

  • Bovine growth hormone supplementation 

  • Criticism 

  • Varieties and brands 

  • Language and culture