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Natural disaster

Natural phenomena

A natural disaster is a major adverse event resulting from natural processes of the Earth; examples are floods, hurricanes, tornadoes, volcanic eruptions, earthquakes, tsunamis, and other geologic processes. A natural disaster can cause loss of life or property damage, and typically leaves some economic damage in its wake, the severity of which depends on the affected population's resilience, or ability to recover and also on the infrastructure available.


  • Notable examples 

  • Types 

  • Geological disasters 

  • Hydrological disasters 

  • Meteorological disasters 

  • Wildfires 

  • Space disasters 

  • Protection by international law 

  • Political consequences