Neville Chamberlain returns from Germany with the Munich Agreement
British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain leaves for Munich (1938)
Britain Stops Trying to Appease Hitler and Turns to Churchill
Neville Chamberlain meets German Chancellor Adolf Hitler
Arthur Neville Chamberlain was a British politician of the Conservative Party who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from May 1937 to May 1940. He is best known for his foreign policy of appeasement, and in particular for his signing of the Munich Agreement on 30 September 1938, ceding the German-speaking Sudetenland region of Czechoslovakia to Germany. Following the German invasion of Poland on 1 September 1939, which marked the beginning of the Second World War, Chamberlain announced the declaration of war on Germany two days later and led the United Kingdom through the first eight months of the war until his resignation as prime minister on 10 May 1940.