Video encyclopedia

Old Persian


The Sound of the Old Persian language (Numbers, Words & Sample Text)


The Sound of the Middle Persian / Pahlavi language (Numbers, Greetings, Words & Sample Text)


Old Persian Inscription of Behistun Darius (Column 1 - Part 1) English/Français/Persian فارسى


Old Persian numbers and letters English/Persian فارسى


Can Iranians Understand Middle Persian (Sassanid Era Persian)?

Old Persian is one of the two directly attested Old Iranian languages. Old Persian appears primarily in the inscriptions, clay tablets and seals of the Achaemenid era. Examples of Old Persian have been found in what is now Iran, Romania (Gherla), Armenia, Bahrain, Iraq, Turkey and Egypt, with the most important attestation by far being the contents of the Behistun Inscription. Recent research (2007) into the vast Persepolis Fortification Archive at the Oriental Institute at the University of Chicago have unearthed Old Persian tablets which suggest Old Persian was a written language in use for practical recording and not only for royal display.
  • Origin and overview 

  • Classification 

  • Language evolution 

  • Substrates 

  • Script 

  • Phonology 

  • Grammar