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Oliver Cromwell

Politicians

Oliver Cromwell was an English military and political leader. He served as Lord Protector of the Commonwealth of England, Scotland, and Ireland from 1653 until his death, acting simultaneously as head of state and head of government of the new republic.

Relations

  • Personal 

  • Early years 

  • Member of Parliament: 1628–29 and 1640–42 

  • Military commander: 1642–46 

  • Politics: 1647–49 

  • Establishment of the Commonwealth: 1649 

  • Irish campaign: 1649–1650 

  • Debate over Cromwell's effect on Ireland 

  • Scottish campaign: 1650–51 

  • Establishment of Barebone's Parliament: 1653 

  • The Protectorate: 1653–58 

  • Death and posthumous execution 

  • Political reputation 

  • Monuments and posthumous honours