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Ottoman Empire

10:00

Ten Minute History - The Rise of the Ottoman Empire (Short Documentary)

9:36

Decline of the Ottoman Empire

9:44

The Ottoman Empire

2:47

Timeline of the Rulers of the Ottoman Empire

3:47

The Fall Of The Ottoman Empire

The Ottoman Empire, also historically known in Western Europe as the Turkish Empire or simply Turkey, was a state that controlled much of Southeast Europe, Western Asia and North Africa between the 14th and early 20th centuries. It was founded at the end of the 13th century in northwestern Anatolia in the town of Söğüt by the Oghuz Turkish tribal leader Osman I. After 1354, the Ottomans crossed into Europe, and with the conquest of the Balkans, the Ottoman beylik was transformed into a transcontinental empire. The Ottomans ended the Byzantine Empire with the 1453 conquest of Constantinople by Mehmed the Conqueror.
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  • Name 

  • Rise (c. 1299–1453) 

  • Expansion and peak (1453–1566) 

  • Revolts, reversals, and revivals (1566–1683) 

  • Military defeats 

  • Decline and modernization (1828–1908) 

  • Young Turk movement 

  • World War I 

  • Armenian genocide 

  • Arab Revolt 

  • Treaty of Sèvres and Turkish War of Independence 

  • Historiographical debate on the Ottoman state 

  • Government 

  • Law 

  • Military 

  • Administrative divisions 

  • Economy 

  • Demographics 

  • Language 

  • Islam 

  • Christianity and Judaism 

  • Social-political-religious structure 

  • Culture 

  • Education 

  • Literature 

  • Architecture 

  • Decorative arts 

  • Music and performing arts 

  • Cuisine 

  • Science and technology 

  • Sports 

  • General surveys 

  • Specialty studies