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This Is What Passover Is Really About

Passover, also called Pesach, is a major Jewish holiday that celebrates the exodus of the Israelites from slavery in Egypt, which occurs on the 15th day of the Hebrew month of Nisan, the first month of Aviv, or spring. The word Pesach or Passover can also refer to the Korban Pesach, the paschal lamb that was offered when the Temple in Jerusalem stood; to the Passover Seder, the ritual meal on Passover night; or to the Feast of Unleavened Bread. One of the biblically ordained Three Pilgrimage Festivals, Passover is traditionally celebrated in the Land of Israel for seven days and for eight days among many Jews in the Diaspora, based on the concept of yom tov sheni shel galuyot. In the Bible, the seven-day holiday is known as Chag HaMatzot, the feast of unleavened bread (matzoh).
  • Etymology 

  • Origins 

  • In the Book of Exodus 

  • The passover in other biblical passages 

  • In extra-biblical sources 

  • Date and duration 

  • Passover sacrifice 

  • Removing all leaven (''chametz'') 

  • Interpretations for abstinence from leaven or yeast 

  • Sale of leaven 

  • Search for leaven 

  • Blessing for search of chametz and nullification of chametz 

  • Morning of 14th of Nisan 

  • Fast of the Firstborn 

  • Burning and nullification of leaven 

  • Separate kosher for Passover utensils and dishes 

  • Matzah 

  • Passover seder 

  • Maror 

  • Four cups of wine 

  • The four questions and participation of children 

  • Afikoman 

  • Concluding songs 

  • Counting of the Omer 

  • Chol HaMoed: The intermediate days of Passover 

  • Seventh day of Passover 

  • Second Passover 

  • Traditional foods 

  • Sermons, liturgy, and song 

  • Related celebrations in other religions