Video encyclopedia



Phonograph vs. Gramophone - The Invention of Sound Recording Part 1 I THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION


edison the man / tinfoil phonograph test


PHONOGRAPH: What is it?


History of Music Players - Phonograph to Smartphone 1878-2018


How the Cylinder Phonograph Works

The phonograph is a device for the mechanical recording and reproduction of sound. In its later forms, it is also called a gramophone or, since the 1940s, a record player. The sound vibration waveforms are recorded as corresponding physical deviations of a spiral groove engraved, etched, incised, or impressed into the surface of a rotating cylinder or disc, called a "record". To recreate the sound, the surface is similarly rotated while a playback stylus traces the groove and is therefore vibrated by it, very faintly reproducing the recorded sound. In early acoustic phonographs, the stylus vibrated a diaphragm which produced sound waves which were coupled to the open air through a flaring horn, or directly to the listener's ears through stethoscope-type earphones.
    • Other American inventions 

    • Terminology 

    • Early history 

    • Improvements at the Volta Laboratory 

    • Disc vs. cylinder as a recording medium 

    • Dominance of the disc record 

    • Turntable technology 

    • Arm systems 

    • Pickup systems 

    • Stylus 

    • Record materials 

    • Equalization 

    • In the 21st century