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02/01/1959 Luna 1 launches to Moon


1959: Luna 1 (USSR)

Luna 1 was a Soviet-launched spacecraft. It was the first spacecraft to reach the vicinity of the Earth's Moon, and the first spacecraft to be placed in heliocentric orbit. The primary objectives of the mission were to measure temperature and pressure inside the vehicle, but it wasn't a successful mission.
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    • Essentials 

    • Spacecraft 

    • Launch 

    • Experiment results 

    • Subsequent missions