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Richard II of England

Biography

3:31

Why Was Charles II Known as the Merry Monarch?

 

1:40

John of Gaunt chastises King Richard - The Hollow Crown: Richard II - BBC Two

 

3:16

The Hollow Crown: Shakespeare's Richard II | Great Performances | PBS

 

3:28

Richard II - John of Gaunt's Death Speech

 

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RSC's Richard II John of Gaunt's speech

Richard II, also known as Richard of Bordeaux, was King of England from 1377 until he was deposed in 1399. Richard, a son of Edward the Black Prince, was born in Bordeaux during the reign of his grandfather, Edward III. His father was Prince of Aquitaine. Richard was the younger brother of Edward of Angoulême, upon whose death Richard, at three years of age, became second in line to the throne after his father. Upon the death of Richard's father prior to the death of Edward III, Richard, by primogeniture, became the heir apparent to the throne. With Edward III's death the following year, Richard succeeded to the throne at the age of ten.
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  • Personal 

  • Peasants' Revolt 

  • Coming of age 

  • First crisis of 1386–88 

  • A fragile peace 

  • Second crisis of 1397–99 

  • Court culture 

  • Patronage and the arts 

  • Downfall 

  • Death 

  • Character and assessment