logo

Video encyclopedia

Sputnik 1

2:08

Sputnik 1 - Earth’s First Artificial Satellite

2:06

The Sputnik 1 Launch: The First Artificial Satellite To Enter Earth's Orbit | Mach | NBC News

1:29

Sputnik 1 Satellite-1 Radio Signal

1:28

Launch of Sputnik 1 - October 4, 1957

2:44

What Happened to Laika in Space? *The Space Dog*

Sputnik 1 was the first artificial Earth satellite. The Soviet Union launched it into an elliptical low Earth orbit on 4 October 1957, orbiting for three weeks before its batteries died, then silently for two more months before falling back into the atmosphere. It was a 58 cm (23 in) diameter polished metal sphere, with four external radio antennas to broadcast radio pulses. Its radio signal was easily detectable even by radio amateurs, and the 65° inclination and duration of its orbit made its flight path cover virtually the entire inhabited Earth. The satellite's unanticipated success precipitated the American Sputnik crisis and triggered the Space Race, a part of the Cold War. The launch was the beginning of a new era of political, military, technological, and scientific developments.
Explore contextually related video stories in a new eye-catching way. Try Combster now!
  • Other Soviet inventions 

  • Before the launch 

  • Design 

  • Launch and mission 

  • Reaction 

  • Legacy