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Poland syndrome


Living with Poland's Syndrome a birth defect Poland Syndrome


POLAND syndrome - WikiVidi Documentary


Living with Poland's Syndrome Video #1


AnatomikModeling - Poland Syndrome - EN


Poland's Syndrome

Poland syndrome, named after British surgeon Alfred Poland, is a rare birth defect characterized by underdevelopment or absence of the chest muscle (pectoralis) on one side of the body, and usually also webbing of the fingers of the hand on the same side. In most affected individuals, the missing part is the large section of the muscle that normally attaches to the upper arm on one side and the breastbone (sternum) on the other. Other abnormalities may occur on the affected side of the torso. In some cases, additional muscles in the chest wall, side, and shoulder are missing or underdeveloped.
  • Signs and symptoms 

  • Diagnosis 

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  • Notable cases