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Second Polish Republic


The End of Polish Democracy - Pilsudski and the Sanacja Regime | BETWEEN 2 WARS | 1935 Part 2 of 4


Second Polish Republic


Second Polish Republic


Second Polish Republic | Wikipedia audio article


Second Polish Republic

The Second Polish Republic, commonly known as interwar Poland, refers to the country of Poland between the First and Second World Wars (1918–1939). Officially known as the Republic of Poland or Commonwealth of Poland, the Polish state was re-established in 1918, in the aftermath of World War I. When, after several regional conflicts, the borders of the state were fixed in 1922, Poland's neighbours were Czechoslovakia, Germany, the Free City of Danzig, Lithuania, Latvia, Romania and the Soviet Union. It had access to the Baltic Sea via a short strip of coastline either side of the city of Gdynia. Between March and August 1939, Poland also shared a border with the then-Hungarian governorate of Subcarpathia. Despite internal and external pressures, it continued to exist until 1939, when Poland was invaded by Nazi Germany, the Soviet Union and the Slovak Republic, marking the beginning of World War II in Europe. The Second Republic was significantly different in territory to the current Polish state as it included substantially more territory in the east and less in the west.
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  • Country facts 

  • Background 

  • End of World War I 

  • Formation of the Republic 

  • Politics and government 

  • Chief of State 

  • Presidents 

  • Prime ministers 

  • Military 

  • Economy 

  • Major industrial centers 

  • Transport 

  • Agriculture 

  • German trade 

  • Education and culture 

  • Administrative division 

  • Demographics 

  • Jews 

  • Ukrainians 

  • Geography 

  • Waters 

  • German–Soviet invasion of Poland in 1939 

  • Politics and diplomacy