Dyspnea, or shortness of breath: Causes and treatment
Treatment for Dyspnea or Shortness of Breath
History Taking of Dyspnea: Types & Occurrence of Dyspnea – Pulmonary Pathology | Lecturio
Hot Topics - Clinical evaluation of dyspnea: When a chest x-ray and echocardiogram are not enough
Shortness of breath, also known as dyspnea, is the feeling that one cannot breathe well enough. The American Thoracic Society defines it as "a subjective experience of breathing discomfort that consists of qualitatively distinct sensations that vary in intensity", and recommends evaluating dyspnea by assessing the intensity of the distinct sensations, the degree of distress involved, and its burden or impact on activities of daily living. Distinct sensations include effort/work, chest tightness, and air hunger.