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South African Republic


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The South African Republic, often referred to as the Transvaal or as the Transvaal Republic, was an independent and internationally recognised country in Southern Africa from 1852 to 1902. The country defeated the British in what is often referred to as the First Boer War and remained independent until the end of the Second Boer War on 31 May 1902, when it was forced to surrender to the British. The territory of the ZAR became known after this war as the Transvaal Colony.
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  • Country facts 

  • Name and etymology 

  • Establishment 

  • British annexation 

  • Independence 

  • Constitution and laws 

  • Religion 

  • Citizenship 

  • Language 

  • War with Mapela and Makapaan, 1854 

  • Civil War, 1861–1864 

  • Sekhukune War, 1876 

  • First Boer War, 1880–1881 

  • Malaboch War, 1894 

  • Second Boer War, 1899–1902 

  • Maritz Rebellion, 1914–1915 

  • Economy and transport 

  • Flag