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31/01/1990 US Operation Just Cause ends, and Operation Promote Liberty begins in Panama

9:45

Operation Just Cause - The 1989 Panamanian Invasion - Part One

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Operation Just Cause - The 1989 Panamanian Invasion - Part Two

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December 1989 Panama Invasion - Operation Just Cause

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U.S. Invades Panama - 1989 | Today in History | 20 Dec 16

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SCN Panama- Operation Just Cause

The United States Invasion of Panama, code-named Operation Just Cause, was an invasion of Panama by the United States between 20 December 1989 and 31 January 1990. On 31 January 1990 also started operation Operation Promote Liberty, which was designed to stabilize the situation in Panama and support the US-installed government.
    • Background 

    • United States's justification for the invasion 

    • Military operations 

    • Legality 

    • Local and international reactions 

    • Aftermath 

    • Major operations and U.S. units involved