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31/01/1990 US Operation Just Cause ends, and Operation Promote Liberty begins in Panama

The United States Invasion of Panama, code-named Operation Just Cause, was an invasion of Panama by the United States between 20 December 1989 and 31 January 1990. On 31 January 1990 also started operation Operation Promote Liberty, which was designed to stabilize the situation in Panama and support the US-installed government.


  • Background 

  • United States's justification for the invasion 

  • Invasion 

  • Local and international reactions 

  • Aftermath 

  • Major operations and U.S. units involved