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Spanish Empire

3:01

The Rise and Fall of the Spanish Empire

3:57

Why did Spain Decline? (Short Animated Documentary)

2:34

The History of the Spanish Empire

2:44

The Spanish - Pirates of the Caribbean

3:58

The Spanish Empire

The Spanish Empire, historically known as the Hispanic Monarchy and as the Catholic Monarchy was one of the largest empires in history. From the late 15th century to the early 19th, Spain controlled a huge overseas territory in the New World and the Asian archipelago of the Philippines, what they called "The Indies". It also included territories in Europe, Africa and Oceania. The Spanish Empire was the first global empire in history, the world's most powerful empire during the 16th and early 17th centuries, reaching its maximum extension in the 18th century. The Spanish Empire was the first empire to be called "the empire on which the sun never sets"
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  • Country facts 

  • Catholic Monarchs and origins of empire 

  • Campaigns in North Africa 

  • Navarre and Struggles for Italy 

  • Canary Islands 

  • Rivalry with Portugal 

  • New World Voyages and the Treaty of Tordesillas 

  • Papal Bulls and the Americas 

  • First settlements in the Americas 

  • Assertion of Crown control in the Americas 

  • The Spanish Habsburgs 1516–1700 

  • Charles I of Spain/Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor (r. 1516–1558) 

  • Struggles for Italy 

  • Ottoman Turks during Charles V's rule 

  • Religious conflicts in the Holy Roman Empire 

  • Early Spanish America 

  • Philip II (r. 1556–1598) 

  • Ottoman Turks, the Mediterranean, and North Africa during Philip II's rule 

  • Conflicts in North-West Europe 

  • Spanish America 

  • The Philippines, the Sultanate of Brunei and Southeast Asia 

  • Portugal and the Iberian Union 1580–1640 

  • Philip III (r. 1598–1621) 

  • Philip IV (r. 1621–1665) 

  • Charles II and the End of the Spanish Habsburg Era 

  • Explorers, conquerors, and expansion of empire 

  • Ordering colonial society – social structure and legal status 

  • Imperial economic policy 

  • The Spanish Bourbons, 1700–1808 

  • Bourbon reforms 

  • 18th-century economic conditions 

  • Military recovery 

  • Role in the American Revolution 

  • Contestation in Brazil 

  • Rival empires in the Pacific Northwest 

  • Loss of Spanish Louisiana 

  • Other challenges to the Spanish Empire 

  • Destabilization of the empire (1808–1814) 

  • Spanish American conflicts and independence (1810–1833) 

  • Santo Domingo 

  • Spanish–American War 

  • Territories in Africa (1885–1975) 

  • Legacy