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Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution

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Amendment Xiii

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The 13th Amendment: Slavery is still legal under one condition

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The Eleventh Amendment Explained in 3 Minutes: The Constitution for Dummies Series

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History Brief: The Impact of the 13th Amendment

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The Reconstruction Amendments: The 13th, 14th, and 15th Amendments

The Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution abolished slavery and involuntary servitude, except as punishment for a crime. In Congress, it was passed by the Senate on April 8, 1864, and by the House on January 31, 1865. The amendment was ratified by the required number of states on December 6, 1865. On December 18, 1865, Secretary of State William H. Seward proclaimed its adoption. It was the first of the three Reconstruction Amendments adopted following the American Civil War.
    • Slavery in the United States 

    • Proposal and ratification 

    • Effects 

    • Congressional and executive enforcement 

    • Penal labor exemption 

    • Judicial interpretation 

    • Prior proposed Thirteenth Amendments