Video encyclopedia

United States Congress


The United States Congress


US Congress Stalled on Russia Sanctions


What is United States Congress?, Explain United States Congress, Define United States Congress


US Congress, Senate, and House explained


US Congress convenes with newly elected and returning senators swearing-in ceremony

The United States Congress is the bicameral legislature of the federal government of the United States, and consists of two chambers: the House of Representatives and the Senate. The Congress meets in the United States Capitol in Washington, D.C. Both senators and representatives are chosen through direct election, though vacancies in the Senate may be filled by a gubernatorial appointment. Congress has 535 voting members: 435 representatives and 100 senators. The House of Representatives has six non-voting members representing Puerto Rico, American Samoa, Guam, the Northern Mariana Islands, the U.S. Virgin Islands, and the District of Columbia in addition to its 435 voting members. Although they cannot vote in the full house, these members can address the house, sit and vote in congressional committees, and introduce legislation.
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    • Overview 

    • History 

    • 1780s–1820s: Formative Era 

    • 1830s–1900s: Partisan Era 

    • 1910s–1960s: Committee Era 

    • Since 1970: Contemporary Era 

    • Women in Congress 

    • Overview of Congressional power 

    • Enumerated powers 

    • Implied powers and the commerce clause 

    • Territorial government 

    • Checks and balances 

    • Structure 

    • Specializations 

    • Power 

    • Officer 

    • Library of Congress 

    • Congressional Budget Office 

    • Lobbyists 

    • Partisanship versus bipartisanship 

    • Sessions 

    • Joint sessions 

    • Bills and resolutions 

    • Citizens and representatives 

    • Expensive campaigns 

    • Public perceptions of Congress 

    • Smaller states and bigger states 

    • Congressional style 

    • Privileges protecting members 

    • Pay and benefits