Video encyclopedia

Vietnam War

Wars and conflicts

The Vietnam War, also known as the Second Indochina War, and in Vietnam as the Resistance War Against America or simply the American War, was a conflict that occurred in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia from 1 November 1955 to the fall of Saigon on 30 April 1975. It was the second of the Indochina Wars and was officially fought between North Vietnam and the government of South Vietnam. The North Vietnamese army was supported by the Soviet Union, China, and other communist allies; the South Vietnamese army was supported by the United States, South Korea, Australia, Thailand and other anti-communist allies. The war is considered a Cold War-era proxy war by some US perspectives. The majority of Americans believe the war was unjustified. The war would last roughly 19 years and would also form the Laotian Civil War as well as the Cambodian Civil War, which also saw all three countries become communist states in 1975.


  • Names for the war 

  • Background 

  • Transition period 

  • Diệm era, 1954–63 

  • Kennedy's escalation, 1961–63 

  • Johnson's escalation, 1963–69 

  • Nixon Doctrine and Vietnamization, 1969–72 

  • U.S. exit and final campaigns, 1973–75 

  • Opposition to U.S. involvement in the war, 1964–73 

  • Involvement of other countries 

  • United Front for the Liberation of Oppressed Races (FULRO) 

  • War crimes 

  • Women in the Vietnam War 

  • Black servicemen in Vietnam 

  • Weapons 

  • Aftermath