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Wh-movement

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Wh movement

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Wh movement concept

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Wh-questions syntactic tree

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Word movement in interrogatives (2b/3): main clause “wh-questions” (contd) 獨立「wh」疑問句的詞序

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In linguistics, wh-movement concerns special rules of syntax, observed in many languages around the world, involving the placement of interrogative words. The special interrogatives, whatever the language, are known within linguistics as wh-words because most interrogative words in the English language start with a wh-; for example, who(m), whose, what, which, etc. Wh-words are used to form questions, and can also occur in relative clauses. In languages with wh-movement, sentences or clauses with a wh-word show a special word order that has the wh-word appear at the front of the sentence or clause instead of in a more canonical position later in the sentence The opposite is called wh in situ.
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    • Basic examples 

    • In subordinate clauses 

    • Pied-piping 

    • Extraction islands 

    • Multiple Wh-Questions 

    • In other languages 

    • Theoretical approaches