The History Of Artificial Heart Development (1994)
Total Artificial Heart Option at Stanford (Includes Surgical Graphic Footage)
The Key to an Artificial Heart ... and Open-Heart Surgery
Fifty-nine years old American Robert Tools received the first self-contained artificial heart. He lived 151 days with it. The device had no external tubes or wires leading out of a patient’s body. Tools died of organ failure and internal bleeding. The physicians claimed that death was not caused by his new heart.