Video encyclopedia



Assyria: Power and Propaganda


Digital Reconstruction of the Northwest Palace, Nimrud, Assyria


How does ancient Assyrian language sound?


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The Assyrian Army - Interesting Facts

Assyria, also called the Assyrian Empire, was a major Semitic speaking Mesopotamian kingdom and empire of the ancient Near East and the Levant. It existed as a state from perhaps as early as the 25th century BC in the form of the Assur city-state, until its collapse between 612 BC and 609 BC, spanning the Early to Middle Bronze Age through to the late Iron Age. From the end of the seventh century BC to the mid-seventh century AD, it survived as a geopolitical entity, for the most part ruled by foreign powers, although a number of Neo-Assyrian states arose at different times during the Parthian and early Sasanian Empires between the mid-second century BC and late third century AD, a period which also saw Assyria become a major centre of Syriac Christianity and the birthplace of the Church of the East.
  • Country facts 

  • Nomenclature 

  • Pre-history 

  • Early Period, 2600–2025 BC 

  • Akkadian Empire and Neo-Sumerian Empires, 2334–2050 BC 

  • Old Assyrian Empire, 2025–1522 BC 

  • Decline, 1450–1393 BC 

  • Middle Assyrian Empire 1392–1056 BC 

  • Society and law in the Middle Assyrian Period 

  • Assyria during the Bronze Age Collapse, 1200–936 BC 

  • Neo-Assyrian Empire 

  • Expansion, 911–627 BC 

  • Downfall, 626–609 BC 

  • Achaemenid Assyria, Osroene, Asōristān, Athura and Hatra 

  • Achaemenid Assyria (549–330 BC) 

  • Macedonian and Seleucid Assyria 

  • Parthian Assyria (150 BC – 225 AD) 

  • Roman Assyria (116–118) 

  • Sassanid Assyria (226 – c. 650) 

  • Arab Islamic conquest (630–780) 

  • Mongol Empire (1200–1300) 

  • Breakup of the Church of the East (1552–1830) 

  • Ottoman Empire (1900–1928) 

  • Simele Massacre and World War II (1930–1950) 

  • Ba'athism (1966–2003) 

  • Kurdistan Region (2005–present) 

  • Syrian Civil War (2012–present) 

  • Culture 

  • Language 

  • Ancient Assyrian religion 

  • Christianity 

  • Architecture 

  • Arts and sciences 

  • Legacy