Video encyclopedia

Natural genetic engineering


Agrobacterium tumefaciens: a natural "GENETIC ENGINEER"


Natural Selection vs Genetic Engineering


Natural genetic engineer is


Unnatural Selection: Season 1 | Main Trailer | Netflix


Agrobacterium: A Plant Gene Transfer Vector

Natural genetic engineering (NGE) is a class of process proposed by molecular biologist James Shapiro to account for novelty created in the course of biological evolution. Shapiro developed this work in several peer-reviewed publications from 1992 onwards, and later in his 2011 book Evolution: A View from the 21st Century. He uses NGE to account for several proposed counterexamples to the central dogma of molecular biology. Shapiro drew from work as diverse as the adaptivity of the mammalian immune system, ciliate macronuclei and epigenetics. The work gained some measure of notoriety after being championed by proponents of Intelligent Design, despite Shapiro's explicit repudiation of that movement.
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    • Concept 

    • Relation with Intelligent Design 

    • Criticism