In 2007 the “Hong Kong 2030: Planning Vision and Strategy”  took place the strategic planning in New Territories to address long-term housing demands of New Development Areas (NDAs) Kwu Tung North (KTL) and Fanling North (FLN). In 2008 “The North East New Development Areas Planning and Engineering Study” began; it continued until 2013. There were four primary objectives: determine strategic roles of the NDAs, build people-oriented communities, create sustainable living environments, and develop appropriate implementation mechanisms. Industries such as special industries, research & development, creative industry, business, education, and medical care were emphasized in the developmental project. The project was controversial with opponents questioning the need and intention of the project, zoning areas, compensation, and environmental preservation. The latest revision of NENT was passed by the Executive Council in 2013 and was passed by the Legislative Council for Budget approval in 2014.