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Novikov ring

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Vladimir Novikov (URS) - 1988 Olympics - Compulsories - Rings

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Novikov

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Live From Novikov

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Koji Gushiken 1983 Worlds Rings Event Finals

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Formula 2 - Spectacular Crash (onboard with James Cole)

In mathematics, given an additive subgroup , the Novikov ring of is the subring of consisting of formal sums such that and . The notion was introduced by S. P. Novikov in the papers that initiated the generalization of Morse theory using a closed one-form instead of a function.
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