NrrF is a non-coding RNA which is regulated by the Ferric uptake regulator (Fur) protein in bacteria. This non-coding RNA was identified in Neisseria meningitidis and is involved in iron regulation of the succinate dehydrogenase genes sdhA and sdhC. NrrF acts as an antisense RNA and is complementary to the junction between the second and third genes of the sdh operon. Secondary structure predictions have indicated that this interaction occurs in a single stranded loop region of the NrrF RNA. Under low iron concentration NrrF is present at a high concentration and forms a duplex with the transcript in Hfq dependent manner. The RNA chaperone Hfq acts to enhance binding of NrrF or stabilizes the NrrF/sdh transcript duplex. Binding of NrrF results in down regulation of the sdhCDAB mRNA transcript results in a Fur-dependent positive regulation of succinate dehydrogenase. Another NrrF RNA target is mRNA petABC, coding for cytochrome bc1. Interaction between NrrF and the 5' untranslated region of the petABC mRNA results in its repression.
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