Who was Sheikh Edebali | Real history of Shaikh Edebali | Mentor of Osman Ghazi
Circle of Justice
The "Circle of Justice" is a term used to describe the relationship between the state and the people in the pre-modern states of the Middle East. Although it had been written about as early as the eleventh century AD, the term "Circle of Justice" was first coined by the sixteenth-century Ottoman writer Kinalizade, and has often been used when describing state-societal relationships in the pre-modern era of the Ottoman Empire. Although nineteenth century Tanzimat reforms led to dramatic shifts in these relations, the Circle of Justice is considered to be the baseline for understanding the Ottoman Empire during its Ancien Regime period.
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