Mechanical ventilation- 51: Peak inspiratory pressure demonstration on the ventilator screen
Inspiratory Pressure Rise Time
Peak pressure, Plateau pressure
Basics of mechanical ventilation. Why to measure Plateau Pressure.
Peak inspiratory pressure (PIP) is the highest level of pressure applied to the lungs during inhalation. In mechanical ventilation the number reflects a positive pressure in centimeters of water pressure (cmH2O). In normal breathing, it may sometimes be referred to as the maximal inspiratory pressure (MIPO), which is a negative value.
Peak inspiratory pressure increases with any airway resistance. Things that may increase PIP could be increased secretions, bronchospasm, biting down on ventilation tubing, and decreased lung compliance. PIP should never be chronically higher than 40(cmH2O) unless the patient has acute respiratory distress syndrome.