What is AUTOTROPH? What does AUTOTROPH mean? AUTOTROPH meaning, definition & explanation
Autotroph and Heterotroph
Learn Biology: Autotrophs vs. Heterotrophs
Autotroph vs. Heterotroph [Ernährungsweisen, Biologie]
An autotroph or producer, is an organism that produces complex organic compounds from simple substances present in its surroundings, generally using energy from light (photosynthesis) or inorganic chemical reactions (chemosynthesis). They are the producers in a food chain, such as plants on land or algae in water. They do not need a living source of energy or organic carbon. Autotrophs can reduce carbon dioxide to make organic compounds for biosynthesis and also create a store of chemical energy. Most autotrophs use water as the reducing agent, but some can use other hydrogen compounds such as hydrogen sulfide. Some autotrophs, such as green plants and algae, are phototrophs, meaning that they convert electromagnetic energy from sunlight into chemical energy in the form of reduced carbon.