Psyche was an online peer-reviewed academic journal covering studies on consciousness and its relation to the brain from perspectives provided by the disciplines of cognitive science, philosophy, psychology, physics, neuroscience, artificial intelligence, and anthropology. It was established in 1994 by Patrick Wilken as one of the earliest attempts at an online academic journal. In 2008 it became the official journal of the Association for the Scientific Study of Consciousness. The editors-in-chief of the journal during this phase were Gabriel Kreiman and Robert van Gulick. As of 2011, Psyche is no longer accepting articles, but the archive remains accessible.