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Democratic Republic of Azerbaijan


100th anniversary of Soviet invasion of Azerbaijan Democratic Republic


National Anthem of the Azerbaijan Democratic Republic (1918-1920) - "Azərbaycan marşı"


CNN: Azerbaijan Democratic Republic (1918)


What is Azerbaijan Democratic Republic?, Explain Azerbaijan Democratic Republic


The Azerbaijan Democratic Republic 100 Years

The Azerbaijan Democratic Republic, also known as Azerbaijan People's Republic or Caucasus Azerbaijan in diplomatic documents, was the third democratic republic in the Turkic world and Muslim world, after the Crimean People's Republic and Idel-Ural Republic. The ADR was founded by the Azerbaijani National Council in Tiflis on 28 May 1918 after the collapse of the Russian Empire. Its established borders were with Russia to the north, the Democratic Republic of Georgia to the north-west, the First Republic of Armenia to the west, and Iran to the south. It had a population of 2.86 million. Ganja was the temporary capital of the Republic as Baku was under Bolshevik control. The name of "Azerbaijan" which the leading Musavat party adopted, for political reasons, was, prior to the establishment of the Azerbaijan Democratic Republic in 1918, exclusively used to identify the adjacent region of contemporary northwestern Iran.
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  • Country facts 

  • Establishment 

  • Domestic 

  • Foreign relations 

  • Recognition by Allies 

  • Persia 

  • Territorial disputes 

  • Armenian-Azerbaijani war 

  • Fight for survival 

  • Fall of the Azerbaijan Democratic Republic (April 1920)