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Purandar Singha

Purandar Singha was the last king of Ahom kingdom in Assam. He was installed as king twice. First time, he was installed by Ruchinath Burhagohain in 1818 CE, after the latter deposed Chandrakanta Singha from the throne. His first reign ended in 1819 CE, during the second Burmese invasion of Assam, when his forces were defeated and the Burmese reinstalled Chandrakanta Singha on the throne. He along with Ruchinath Burhagohain continued their efforts to expel Burmese invaders, by seeking help from British and through armed struggle. After First Anglo-Burmese War, the British East India Company occupied Assam from Burmese invaders. Finding it difficult to administer an unfamiliar region and sensing discontent among the local inhabitants to foreign rule, the British authorities decided to restore Upper Assam to one prince of Ahom Dynasty. Purander Singha was found suitable for this post and therefore, in April 1833 CE, except Sadiya and Matak region, the entire Upper Assam was formally made over to him, on the condition of yearly tribute of 50,000 rupees. Later, in 1838 CE, finding him incompetent and defaulter in payments of revenue, the British formally annexed his kingdom, putting an end to 600 years reign of Ahom Dynasty.

Relations

  • Ancestry and family history 

  • Birth and early life 

  • Events leading to his accession 

  • Invitation from Ruchinath Burhagohain to Brajanath Gohain and Chandrakanta deposed 

  • Accession 

  • First reign (1818–1819 CE) 

  • Appeal to British 

  • Triangular contest between Chandrakanta, Purandar and the Burmese 

  • Attempt to oust the Burmese invaders 

  • Arrival of Mingi Maha Bandula and defeat of Chandrakanta Singha 

  • Anglo-Burmese War and British occupation of Assam 

  • Restoration of Ahom rule in Upper Assam under Purandar Singha 

  • Second reign (1833–1838 CE) 

  • Purandar Singha Deposed and End of Ahom Authority in Assam 

  • Later life 

  • Death 

  • Family and descendants 

  • Character and legacy