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Aztec sun stone

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The Sun Stone (The Calendar Stone)

3:06

Aztec Sun Stone Wall Art - Router Carving with Denbigh Mensheds

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Lesson One: Aztec Sun Stone

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Aztec Coronation Stone | Art Institute Essentials Tour

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The Aztec Sunstone

The Aztec sun stone is a late post-classic Mexica sculpture housed in the National Anthropology Museum in Mexico City, and is perhaps the most famous work of Aztec sculpture. The stone is 358 centimetres (141 in) in diameter and 98 centimetres (39 in) thick, and it weighs about 24 short tons. Shortly after the Spanish conquest, the monolithic sculpture was buried in the Zócalo, the main square of Mexico City. It was rediscovered on 17 December 1790 during repairs on the Mexico City Cathedral. Following its rediscovery, the sun stone was mounted on an exterior wall of the Cathedral, where it remained until 1885. Early scholars initially thought that the stone was carved in the 1470s, though modern research suggests that it was carved some time between 1502 and 1521.
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  • Sculpture facts 

  • History 

  • Physical description and iconography 

  • Central disk 

  • Four previous suns or eras 

  • First ring 

  • Third and outermost ring 

  • History of interpretations 

  • Connections to Aztec Ideology 

  • Impact of Spanish Colonization 

  • Other sun stones 

  • Temalacatls 

  • Calendar iconography in other objects