Video encyclopedia

Baltimore and Ohio Railroad


History of the B&O Railroad


"Baltimore and Ohio" by Sunday River Productions


B&O Odyssey Volume 1


American Artifacts Preview: History of the B&O Railroad - Chief Curator Dave Shackelford


Allegheny Rails, Volume 1, the Baltimore and Ohio Railway

The Baltimore and Ohio Railroad was the first common carrier railroad and the oldest railroad in the United States, with its first section opening in 1830. It came into being mostly because the city of Baltimore wanted to compete with the newly constructed Erie Canal and another canal being proposed by Pennsylvania, which would have connected Philadelphia and Pittsburgh. At first this railroad was located entirely in the state of Maryland, with an original line built from the port of Baltimore west to Sandy Hook.
  • Ohio 

  • Charters 

  • Early construction and legal battles 

  • Early engineering 

  • First telegraph line 

  • Innovations 

  • Conflicts in the early years 

  • Transportation of the enslaved 

  • John Brown's raid on Harpers Ferry 

  • American Civil War 

  • 1861–1862 

  • 1863–1865 

  • Westward by merger 

  • Great Railroad Strike of 1877 

  • New lines in Maryland 

  • The 20th century 

  • Mount Airy Branch 

  • Frederick Branch 

  • Metropolitan Branch 

  • Patuxent Branch 

  • Georgetown Branch 

  • Washington Branch 

  • Alexandria Extension 

  • Washington County Branch 

  • Baltimore & New York Railroad 

  • Ohio River Branch