logo

Video encyclopedia

Barlaam and Josaphat

2:25

'Barlaam & Josaphat: Buddha–a Christian Saint?' by Dialogos and Katarina Livljanić [INTRO]

2:38

'Barlaam & Josaphat: Buddha–a Christian Saint?' by Dialogos and Katarina Livljanić [MAKING-OF]

1:00

'Barlaam & Josaphat: Buddha–a Christian Saint?' by Dialogos and Katarina Livljanić [TEASER]

2:25

Part 1 Barlaam & Josaphat

2:59

Barlaam and Josaphat

Barlaam and Josaphat are legendary Christian martyrs and saints. Their life story may have been based on the life of the Gautama Buddha. It tells how an Indian king persecuted the Christian Church in his realm. When astrologers predicted that his own son would some day become a Christian, the king imprisoned the young prince Josaphat, who nevertheless met the hermit Saint Barlaam and converted to Christianity. After much tribulation the young prince's father accepted the Christian faith, turned over his throne to Josaphat, and retired to the desert to become a hermit. Josaphat himself later abdicated and went into seclusion with his old teacher Barlaam. The tale derives from a second to fourth century Sanskrit Mahayana Buddhist text, via a Manichaean version, then the Arabic Kitab Bilawhar wa-Yudasaf, current in Baghdad in the eighth century, from where it entered into Middle Eastern Christian circles before appearing in European versions. The two were entered in the Eastern Orthodox calendar with a feast-day on 26 August, and in the Roman Martyrology in the Western Church as "Barlaam and Josaphat" on the date of 27 November.
    Explore contextually related video stories in a new eye-catching way. Try Combster now!
    • Background: the Buddha 

    • Name 

    • Feast day 

    • Texts