Appomattox Campaign, Episode 16: Battle of Appomattox Court House, Part I (HD)
Appomattox Campaign, Episode 17: Battle of Appomattox Court House, Part II (HD)
Remembering Gen. Robert E. Lee's Civil War surrender at Appomattox
Appomattox Campaign, Episode 14: The Battle of Appomattox Station (HD)
Robert E. Lee and Ulysses S. Grant Artifacts at Appomattox: War Department
The Battle of Appomattox Court House, fought on the morning of April 9, 1865, was one of the last battles of the American Civil War (1861–1865). It was the final engagement of Confederate States Army General-in-Chief, Robert E. Lee, and his Army of Northern Virginia before it surrendered to the Union Army of the Potomac under the Commanding General of the United States, Ulysses S. Grant. Lee, having abandoned the Confederate capital of Richmond, Virginia, after the nine and one-half month Siege of Petersburg and Richmond, retreated west, hoping to join his army with the remaining Confederate forces in North Carolina, the Army of Tennessee under Gen. Joseph E. Johnston. Union infantry and cavalry forces under Gen. Philip Sheridan pursued and cut off the Confederates' retreat at the central Virginia village of Appomattox Court House. Lee launched a last-ditch attack to break through the Union forces to his front, assuming the Union force consisted entirely of lightly armed cavalry. When he realized that the cavalry was now backed up by two corps of Federal infantry, he had no choice but to surrender with his further avenue of retreat and escape now cut off.